Any physical injury, mental injury, or threatened injury, inflicted by a person responsible for the child's care, to a child other than by accidental means.
Any physical or mental injury that cannot reasonably be explained by the child's history of injuries.
Any aversive or deprivation procedures, or regulated interventions, that have not been authorized under the law for use in facilities serving persons who have mental retardation or related conditions.
Reasonable & Moderate Physical Discipline
Physical abuse does not include reasonable and moderate physical discipline of a child administered by a parent or guardian that does not result in injury. Minnesota Statutes, section 626.556, Subdivision 2(c), 1-13, lists actions that are not reasonable and moderate when done in anger or without regard to the safety of the child.